I don’t think Albert Einstein was sweating this one out. Not the least of all because he’s no longer alive. But, 103 years after Einstein published his most famous equation, that posits energy equals mass times the speed of light in a vacuum square, it has finally been corroborated by European scientists.
The equation, which essentially says that energy can be converted into mass and vice versa was used as the foundation for the creation of the atomic weapon.
A brainpower consortium led by Laurent Lellouch of France’s Centre for Theoretical Physics, using some of the world’s mightiest supercomputers, have set down the calculations for estimating the mass of protons and neutrons, the particles at the nucleus of atoms.
According to the conventional model of particle physics, protons and neutrons comprise smaller particles known as quarks, which in turn are bound by gluons.
The odd thing is this: the mass of gluons is zero and the mass of quarks is only five per cent. Where, therefore, is the missing 95 per cent?
The answer, according to the study published in the US journal Science on Thursday, comes from the energy from the movements and interactions of quarks and gluons.
In other words, energy and mass are equivalent, as Einstein proposed in his Special Theory of Relativity in 1905.
Got that? The equation was solved, if you will, at the sub-atomic level using quantum chromodynamics.